Today, bird nest benefits are no longer a myth. Modern science identifies the key
ingredient in bird nest as Glycoprotein.
This so-called "super protein" is a principal substance the human body can produce,
but regresses over time due to ageing and illness.
Glycoprotein can be found in abundance in Swiflets' nests which are made from the bird’s saliva. In the past, no scientific explanation can be made on the health benefits of the people who consume bird nest, as Glycoprotein was not known until its discovery, which garnered a Nobel prize in 1994.
Glycoproteins in bird nest are enriched in EGF, Sialic acid and 19 other types of amino acids.
What is in the bird's saliva?
Recent modern-day technology and researches have discovered that, apart from normal nutritions like carbohydrate, protein or minerals, bird nest or Swiflet's saliva is rich in Glycoprotein, up to 80%. This is the real miracle behind bird nest, which has been appreciated by the Chinese consumers for more than thousand years.
What is Glycoprotein?
Glycoprotein is a molecule that connects glycogen (carbohydrate) with protein. It is rich with minerals and 19 amino acids that are essential to physical development & reparation at cell level. It helps influence bio-activities of the body system and works beyond the simple carbohydrates or simple proteins.
Glycoprotein is a base of all human and animal's molecule structure, and an important element in cell matrix and bone. It is water-soluble, and works as carrier of hormone, vitamin and mineral, and also as lubricator, antioxidant and immunity enhancer in the body system.
Today a number of naturally occurring substances have already been identified as having high glycoprotein content. One of them is Collocalia's saliva or bird nest.
Four Nobel Prizes for Medicine in recent years (1994 to 2001) have been given to scientists on how cells communicate, and their importance to physical health & well-being, which led to better understanding and focus on glycoprotein.
Today glycoprotein has been found in some plants such as mushroom and fruit, but never anything found as much as 80% as the saliva nest from Collocolia.
What are the benefits of Glycoprotein in bird nest?
Glycoprotein in bird nest has an important role in cell proliferation, resulting in anti-aging effects. Researchers* have found that bird nest extract has a bio effect that stimulates the reparation of skin tissue.
*Reports from the teams of scientists in Korea, Japan, China, Hong Kong, and Malaysia, have revealed that bird nest extract stimulates the proliferation of cells which is an EGF-like activity. As a result, the fibroblast cells, which play major role in improving collagen of skin cells, is enhanced and regenerated. (Kathan, Weeks 1969, N. Houdret 1975, M. Oda 1983, Ng 1986, Kong 1986-1987, T.H. Lee 2005, Abidin 2011, N. Mazukawa 2011, K.B. Roh 2011)
Bird Nest is rich in antioxidants from amino acid ‘tyrosine’ and sialic acid. Antioxidants are substances or nutrients that can prevent or delay the oxidation of cells. Health problems including heart disease, diabetes, cancer, etc. often occur as a result of oxidative damages. It is believed that insufficient levels of antioxidants can cause oxidative stress which may damage cells. (Preliminary Characterization of Bird’s Nest, Malaysia Science & Technology Congress 2005, T.H. Lee, E.T. Tan and team)
Bird nest extract has been found to increase the effect of mitogenic response of human peripheral blood monocytes (white blood cells). Glycoproteins in bird nest increase the number of white blood cells, thus increase immune system of human body. (Potentiation of Mitogenic Response by Extraction of the Collocolia's Nest, M.H. Ng, K.H. Chan, Y.C. Kong, 1966)